The Correlation Between Autism and Social Cognitive

The Correlation Between Autism and Social Cognitive

part A
In a short paper, write an overview and an analysis of selected topic. Include the
following elements: Include a title page and references page. Divide the paper into
three separately labeled parts: Provide an overview of the disorder�how it is
diagnosed and whatits symptoms are. Provide a thesis statement reflecting your
position on the most effective intervention(s) for this particulardisorder. Write a
critical analysis of the causes and interventions for this particular disorder.
Critique the arguments and facts about specific causes and specific interventions.
Acknowledge which arguments are convincing and why. Refute argumentsthat you
believe are inconsistent or illogical. Reconsider position in light of new facts
and insights discussed in paper. Each point, both those gleaned from research and
own opinions, should be supported by critical thinking andresearch.
Damiano, C. R., Mazefsky, C. A., White, S. W., & Dichter, G. S. (2014). Future
Directions for Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Clinical and
Adolescent Psychology, 828-843.
Kheir, N., Ghoneim, O., Sandridge, A., & Al-Ismail, M. (2012). Quality of life of
caregivers of children with autism in Qatar. Autism, 16(3), 293-298.
Mahajnah, M., Sharkia, R., Shalabe, H., Terkel-Dawer, R., Akawi, A., & Zelnik, N.
(2015). Clinical Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Israel: Impact of
Ethnic and Social Diversities. Biomed Research International , 1-7.
Muller, O., & Rotter, S. (2017). Neurotechnology: Current Developments and Ethical
Issues. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience.
Thurm, A. (2012). The importance of autism research. Dialogues in Clinical
Neuroscience, 219-222.
PART B
Why is adaptive functioning important when evaluating an individual’s intellectual
functioning and potential to eventually function as an independent adult?
https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fxs/data.html
https://www.aaidd.org/home

https://raisingchildren.net.au/disability/videos/fragile-x-after-diagnosis
PART C
include a discussion of all the areas including the literature review, the
proposal, and the conclusion. This discussion will provide you with a final
informal opportunity to discuss the different aspects of your paper. ( assignment
is listed below)
Fiebich, A. (2017). Pluralism, social cognition, and interaction in autism.
Philosophical Psychology, 30(2), 161-184.
Isaksson, J., Westeinde, A. V., Cauvet, �., Kuja-Halkola, R., Lundin, J. N., &
B�lte, W. &. (2019). Social Cognition in Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental
Disorders: A Co-twin Control Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,
49, 2838�2848.
Smith, D. (2003, January 3). Five principles for research ethics. Retrieved from
American Psychological Association: https://www.apa.org/monitor/jan03/principles
Research Topic
The topic of this study is �evaluating the correlation between
autism and social cognition.� The paper evaluates behavioral patterns of ASD
individuals and how they affect interaction and social skills.
Literature Review
Fiebich (2017), discusses the debate raised by two conflicting
human development theories, Theory Theory, and Simulation Theory. In the context of
�TT,� scholars believe that people often associate the behavior of others with
mental state, along with psychological theories. Other empiricist exponents of the
theory suggest that humans are inherently born with theories, which they put into
practice as they develop and interact with the environment. On the other hand,
native viewers of the TT theory affirm that mindreading is an innate trait that

grows at its own pace. Finally, the ST theory proposes that humans judge situations
from the perspective of other parties to understand their thoughts and feelings.
The article by Fiebich (2017) capitalizes on the pluralist
theory to investigate the relationship between dysfunctions of social cognition and
interaction in ASD individuals. The study uses a pluralist approach to evaluate
behavioral studies and neuroscientific research. Rather than focusing on deficits
in ASD individuals, the study addresses a wider variety of social cognitive
processes.
According to (Isaksson et al., 2019), variations in social
cognition (SC) are associated with an underlying impact on communication and
interaction. The authors experimented on 196 children with ASD and other disorders
to examine social cognition. The findings of the study show a strong correlation
between variations in SC and autism, which translates into an environmental impact.
Conclusively, the article identified a relationship between differences in SC and
ASD traits, irrespective of gender and IQ differences.
Hypothesis
This study hypothesizes that children will depict a strong
correlation between the outcome of a false sign task and that of an inaccurate,
false belief task. The premise is related to both studies in the literature review,
as it capitalizes on the TT theory, which involves evaluating people�s behavior
through their mental responses. Further, the hypothesis also relates to the
literature as it relies on individualistic cognitive impairments to determine
social behavior.
Methodology
The study will use a correlational study approach in which the
participants will be exposed to controllable variables that will determine specific
outcomes. The experimental group will include five old adults with autism and five
3-year-olds at risk of ASD. The participants will be exposed to a false belief
study that will entail interacting with audio-visual material. All participants
will watch a 5-minute video, where one individual places a dice in a cup, with his
partner keeping an eye. However, the second individual is distracted by a creaking
sound, and he turns his back on the table. The first individual then switches the
dice to another cup and gets rid of it eventually. The group will then view an
audio-visual material, which contains a cue. In the initial stages of the
experiment, the participants will familiarize themselves with the cue, which will
signal the actor turning towards the table and reaching his hand to the cup where
he last saw the dice.
Data Collection
Samples of the experiment will be selected randomly, but
they have to fulfill the requirements of the study; autism traits, age, and risk of
ASD. Data from the trial will be collected using an observational approach, where
specific behavior of participants will be recorded after they interact with the
variables. The information on the reactions and behavior of participants will
directly influence the outcome of the hypothesis.
Protecting Participants
The study will fulfill the regulatory requirements of the
American Psychological Association by ensuring all participants are informed
adequately on the purpose and duration of the experiment. The individuals will be
given a choice to participate in the study, and they will be assured of the
confidentiality of their personal information (Smith, 2003).
Discussion
The articles reviewed in the literature support the idea
of the correlation between social cognition and autism traits. Specifically, the
paper by Isaksson, et al., (2019), supports the use of individual characteristics,
like cognitive impairments, to evaluate and predict social behavior. The articles
also identified a strong correlation between impaired social cognition and ASD
traits, which also supports the finding of this study.
Findings

The study forecasts that younger participants will show
accurate anticipatory glances at the cup where the second actor last spotted the
dice. On the other hand, older persons with autism will show no particular interest
in observing either cups. The accuracy of anticipatory reflexes in children is
attributed to explicit reasoning, relatively higher cognitive flexibility, and
language processing.
Future Research
Future research should focus more on neurodiverse approaches,
which evaluate domain-general functioning to autism symptoms. Furthermore, the
strategies also integrate both behavioral and heterogeneity elements to draw more
informed conclusions. Ideally, experiments should aim at including both social and
non-social cognition factors to address learning and development.

References
Fiebich, A. (2017). Pluralism, social cognition, and interaction in autism.
Philosophical Psychology, 30(2), 161-184.
Isaksson, J., Westeinde, A. V., Cauvet, �., Kuja-Halkola, R., Lundin, J. N., &
B�lte, W. &. (2019). Social Cognition in Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental
Disorders: A Co-twin Control Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,
49, 2838�2848.
Smith, D. (2003, January 3). Five principles for research ethics. Retrieved from
American Psychological Association: https://www.apa.org/monitor/jan03/principles