Who am I

“Who am I?”

Most of us have asked ourselves the question “Who am I?” at one point  or another in our lives. Coon, Mitterer, and Martini (2019) discuss the  difficulties teenagers face in establishing their own identity: “Many  problems stem from the unclear standards about the role adolescents  should play within society” (p. 110). Our text also explains that  teenagers experience ambiguity, or unclear interpretations when defining  their roles. This adds to their confusion of a clear and solid sense of  self.

More and more often we are seeing cases presented in the media  about teens who have taken their own lives as a result of bullying and  cyberbullying (Wang, 2016). Coon, Mitterer, and Martini (2019) have  argued that adolescence is a tumultuous time. However, Karen Horney’s  theory explains that basic anxiety occurs because we live in a hostile  world.  An example is Wang’s report of a suicide by a 13-year-old girl  in response to racial and social prejudice against perceived sexual  orientation.

1. How much does emotional turbulence versus social hostility count as  an explanation for teen suicide? Or is it a combination of the two?

2. Drawing upon Kohlberg’s theory of stages of moral development,  Gilligan’s theory of caring, and Erikson’s psychosocial stages theory,  discuss reasons why an adolescent might turn to suicide. Then, using one  of these theories, suggest how to help a teen who has been a victim of  bullying.